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1.4 CHEMICAL SCIENCES
Electrochemical copolymerization of pyrrole (Py) and 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) was performed in an ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, (BMIM BF4) employing a ‘micro-cell’ in order to use the materials efficiently. Characterization of the copolymers formed on an ITO substrate was performed for different Py: EDOT ratios (1:2, 1:1, 2:1) in both aqueous and ionic liquid electrolytes. Electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical analysis revealed that the properties of the copolymer depend upon the Py/EDOT monomer ratio used. The copolymer PPy-co-PEDOT (2:1) displayed good stability, a switching time of 20 s and a colouration efficiency of 101.3 C-1cm2. The presence of Py in the copolymer stabilised the polaron state of the copolymer and allowed greater ion mobility compared to the PEDOT alone.
Astratine, L., Magner, E., Cassidy, J., Betts, A.: Electrodeposition and Characterisation of Copolymers Based on Pyrrole and 3,4-Ethylenedioxythiophene in BMIM BF4 Using a Microcell Configuration. Electrochimica Acta, Vol.115, January, 2014, p.440-448. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2013.10.198