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1.2 COMPUTER AND INFORMATION SCIENCE, Computer Sciences, Information Science
Rapid elasticity and automatic scaling are core concepts of most current cloud computing systems. Elasticity describes how well and how fast cloud systems adapt to increases and decreases in workload. In parallel, software architectures are moving towards employing containerised microservices running on systems managed by container orchestration platforms. Cloud users who employ such container-based systems may want to compare the elasticity of different systems or system settings to ensure rapid elasticity and maintain service level objectives while avoiding over-provisioning. Previous research has established a variety of metrics to measure elasticity. Some existing benchmark tools are designed to measure elasticity in “Infrastructure as a Service” (IaaS) systems, but no research exists to date for measuring elasticity in systems based on containers and container orchestration. In this dissertation, an existing benchmark designed for IaaS systems, the BUNGEE benchmark developed at the University of Würzburg, was extended to be applicable to Amazon’s Elastic Container Service, a container-based cloud system. An experiment was conducted to test if the extension of the BUNGEE benchmark described in this dissertation delivers reproducible results and is therefore valid. For validation, the crucial phase of the benchmark - the system analysis phase - was run 32 times. It was established with statistical tests if the results vary by more than the acceptable level. Results indicate that there is some amount of variability, but it does not exceed the acceptable level and is consistent with the amount of performance variability encountered by other researchers in Amazon’s cloud systems. Therefore, it is concluded that the BUNGEE benchmark is likely applicable to container-based cloud systems. However, some parameters and configuration settings specific to container orchestration systems were identified that could impede reproducibility of results and should be considered in future experiments.
Limbourg, N. (2019). Elasticity Measurement in CaaS Environments - Extending the Existing BUNGEE Elasticity Benchmark to AWS's Elastic Container Service. M.Sc. Dissertation in Computing (Advanced Software Development), DIT, 2018.