Document Type

Conference Paper


This item is available under a Creative Commons License for non-commercial use only


Computer Sciences, Information Science

Publication Details

Irish Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science (AICS 2016), September 20-21 2016, University College Dublin


Clustering is a fundamental machine learning application, which partitions data into homogeneous groups. K-means and its variants are the most widely used class of clustering algorithms today. However, the original k-means algorithm can only be applied to numeric data. For categorical data, the data has to be converted into numeric data through 1-of-K coding which itself causes many problems. K-prototypes, another clustering algorithm that originates from the k-means algorithm, can handle categorical data by adopting a different notion of distance. In this paper, we systematically compare these two methods through an experimental analysis. Our analysis shows that K-prototypes is more suited when the dataset is large-scaled, while the performance of k-means with 1-of-K coding is more stable. We believe these are useful heuristics for clustering methods working with highly categorical data.