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The proportional integral derivative (PID) controller is the most dominant form of automatic controller in industrial use today. With this technique, it is necessary to adjust the controller parameters according to the nature of the process. Thus, for effective control of a HVDC system, for example, specific values need to be chosen for the P, I and D parameters, which will be different for the values required to control, for example, an induction motor drive. This tailoring of controller to process is known as controller tuning. Controller tuning is easily and effectively performed using tuning rules (i.e. formulae for controller tuning, based on process information). Such tuning rules allow the easy set up of controllers to achieve optimum performance at commissioning. Importantly, they allow ease of re-commissioning if the characteristics of the process change. The paper communicates the results of recent work in the collation of industry-relevant PI and PID controller tuning rules, which may be applied to a variety of applications in power electronics, machines and drives.
O'Dwyer, Aidan : Performance improvement using simple PID controller tuning formulae. Proceedings of the 3rd IET International Conference on Power Electronics, Machines and Drives (PEMD 2006), pp. 276-280, Dublin.