Document Type

Article

Rights

This item is available under a Creative Commons License for non-commercial use only

Disciplines

Environmental sciences, Water resources, Ecology, Civil engineering, Environmental and geological engineering, Marine, engineering, sea vessels

Publication Details

Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 91, No. 1, pp 330-346

Abstract

A three-dimensional model is used to assess the bathing water quality of Bray and Killiney bathing sites in Ireland following changes to the sewage management system. The model, firstly calibrated to hydrodynamic and water quality data from the period prior to the upgrade of the Wastewater Treatment Works (WwTW), was then used to simulate Escherichia coli (E. coli) distributions for discharge scenarios of the periods prior to and following the upgrade of the WwTW under dry and wet weather conditions. E. coli distributions under dry weather conditions demonstrate that the upgrade in the WwTW has remarkably improved the bathing water quality to a Blue Flag status. The new discharge strategy is expected to drastically reduce the rainfall-related incidents in which environmental limits of the Bathing Water Directive are breached. However, exceedances to these limits may still occur under wet weather conditions at Bray bathing site due to storm overflows that may still be discharged through two sea outfalls offshore of Bray bathing site.

DOI

10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.11.008

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