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Architecture engineering, Architectural design
This paper presentation investigates how wood traits that are seen as shortcomings for construction can be used to advantage and what kind of design methods and techniques that would require.
Wood has lost market shares as a raw material for mass production processes as a result of its individualised characteristics and difficult to predict behaviours. Reaction wood, spiral grain and juvenile wood – present in almost all timbers -- are seen as deficiencies, causing lower strength and extensive warp during drying. It is proposed to look for design methods and, techniques that utilise material information, such as the individual traits, rather than homogenise material properties with extensive use of energy, i.e. timber remanufacture. The proposed new tectonic logic is to be based on wood (i) self-organisational capacities and (ii) individual properties and behaviours. That entails development of form finding techniques based on digital tools taking account of material properties, prediction of its behaviour, appropriate construction details and manufacturing techniques.
Wójcik, M. (2013). Wood unscripted potentials:How can material deficiencies become strengths. Translatorial Aesthetics: Experiments with Timber in Architecture and Technology, 1-2 October 2013 ANCB Metropolitan Laboratory Aedes Network Campus, Berlin.