Simulation Procedure for the Co-Optimization of Photovoltaic Water Pumping Systems.
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part A,Journal of power and energy. 2010; vol. 224, no. 5: pp. 629-640.
Abstract: Photovoltaic (PV)-powered centrifugal water pumping systems have been modelled based on field experience and analysis of long-term measured performance of several installed PV-powered water pumping systems. This paper presents detailed modelling of a PV array, an inverter, a three-phase induction motor, a centrifugal pump, a well, a storage tank, an overflow controller, and an integrated reverse osmosis desalination unit. The component models were validated using both laboratory measurements and long-term monitored data. All system components have been modelled separately, and the system was modelled in TRNSYS. The models are capable of simulating grid-connected, diesel-powered, and PV-powered water pumping systems, and can consider the following design and operational variables: constant voltage tracking, voltage frequency modulation, and maximum power point tracking algorithms; variable inverter frequency with variable motor efficiency, variable inverter frequency with constant motor efficiency, and constant inverter frequency with variable motor efficiency algorithms; and variation in PV temperature.