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5.8 MEDIA AND COMMUNICATIONS
Irish journalism developed during the 19th century at a time of tremendous change. While journalists were involved in the debates about nationalism, both as commentators and in many cases activists, they also developed a journalism practice that corresponded to the professional norms of journalists in Britain and the United States. It would appear that the middle-class nature of Irish journalists meant there was a dual pressure towards professionalising journalism and fighting for legislative independence. Both factors came together in the development of a public sphere, where professional journalists were involved in creating public opinion.
MICHAEL FOLEY. Colonialism and Journalism in Ireland, Journalism Studies, Volume 5, Number 3, 2004. doi:10.1080/1461670042000246115