Document Type

Article

Rights

This item is available under a Creative Commons License for non-commercial use only

Disciplines

1. NATURAL SCIENCES, 1.6 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 2.10 NANO-TECHNOLOGY, 3.4 HEALTH BIOTECHNOLOGY

Publication Details

Journal of Applied Toxicology.2015 Oct;35(10):1141-9.

Epub 2015 Apr 16.

Abstract

Nanotechnology is a rapidly growing field with silver nanoparticles (AgNP) in particular utilized in a wide variety of consumer products. This has presented a number of concerns relating to exposure and the associated toxicity to humans and the environment. As inhalation is the most common exposure route, this study investigates the potential toxicity of AgNP to A549 alveolar epithelial carcinoma cells and the influence of a major component of lung surfactant dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) on toxicity. It was illustrated that exposure to AgNP generated low levels of oxidative stress and a reduction in cell viability. While DPPC produced no significant effect on viability studies its presence resulted in increased reactive oxygen species formation. DPPC also significantly modified the inflammatory response generated by AgNP exposure. These findings suggest a possible interaction between AgNP and DPPC causing particles to become more reactive, thus increasing oxidative insult and inflammatory response within A549 cells

DOI

10.1002/jat.3148

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Life Sciences Commons

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