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A subgroup P of an Abelian p-group G is said to be projection-invariant in G if Pf is contained in P for all idempotent endomorphisms f. Clearly fully invariant subgroups are projection invariant, but the converse is not true in general. Hausen and Megibben have shown that in many familiar situations these two concepts coincide. In a different direction, the authors have previously introduced the notions of socle-regular and strongly socle-regular groups by focussing on the socles of fully invariant and characteristic subgroups of p-groups. In the present work the authors examine the socles of projection-invariant subgroups of Abelian p-groups.
Goldsmith, B.: On Projection-Invariant Subgroups of Abelian P-Groups. AMS series. Forthcoming