Document Type

Article

Rights

This item is available under a Creative Commons License for non-commercial use only

Disciplines

1. NATURAL SCIENCES, Cell biology,, Microbiology, Virology, Biochemistry and molecular biology

Publication Details

Journal of Virological Methods

Abstract

To facilitate the investigations of HPV-16 late gene expression HPV-16 reporter plasmids were generated using previously described sub-genomic HPV-16 plasmids, named pBEL and pBELM, that, similar to the full viral genome, produce primarily HPV-16 early mRNAs and very little, if any, late mRNAs in cervical cancer cells. The HPV-16 late L1 gene was replaced by the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene, or green fluorescent protein (GFP), preceded by the poliovirus internal ribosome entry site (IRES). Results show that the reporter genes mimic the expression of L1 from these plasmids. For example, overexpression of adenovirus E4orf4 protein (E4orf4), polypyrimidine tract binding protein (PTB), arginine/serinerich SRp30c protein (SRp30c) or alternative splicing factor/splicing factor 2 (ASF/SF2) induced an increased expression of CAT or GFP. Stable cell lines with reporter plasmids pBELCAT and pBELMCAT were also generated. An induction of CAT was observed in HPV-16 reporter cell lines in the presence of the small molecule phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (TPA). Further experiments identified the TPA-inducible, hnRNP A2/B1 protein as a regulator of HPV-16 late gene expression. In conclusion, the HPV-16 reporter plasmids and reporter cell lines described herein can be used to identify small molecules and cellular factors that regulate HPV-16 gene expression.