Document Type

Article

Rights

This item is available under a Creative Commons License for non-commercial use only

Disciplines

1. NATURAL SCIENCES, Virology

Publication Details

Virology

Abstract

The adenovirus E4orf4 protein regulates the switch from early to late gene expression during the adenoviral replication cycle. Here we report that overexpression of adenovirus E4orf4 induces human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) late gene expression from subgenomic expression plasmids. E4orf4 specifically overcomes the negative effects of two splicing silencers at the two late HPV-16 splice sites SD3632 and SA5639. This results in the production of HPV-16 spliced L1 mRNAs. We show that the interaction of E4orf4 with protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is necessary for induction of HPV-16 late gene expression. Also an E4orf4 mutant that fails to bind the cellular splicing factor ASF/SF2 fails to induce L1 mRNA production. Collectively, these results suggest that dephosphorylation of SR proteins by E4orf4 activates HPV-16 late gene expression. Indeed, a mutant ASF/SF2 protein in which the RS-domain had been deleted could itself induce HPV-16 late gene expression, whereas wild type ASF/SF2 could not.