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2.2 ELECTRICAL, ELECTRONIC, INFORMATION ENGINEERING
Ultra-Wideband (UWB) systems provide a means for short range high data rate wireless transmission between electronic devices. Portable devices and in particular, mobile handsets, have the potential to harness the unprecedented connectivity associated with UWB’s high speed, low power data transfer. Over the course of this work, a number of small antenna options for UWB mobile handset applications are presented. Two key subgroups of the 3.1 –10.6GHz UWB band are chosen and suitable antennas designed for both bands. At the upper end of the band, a ceramic planar inverted-F antenna is proposed to cover band groups 3 & 6 (6.3 – 9GHz). At the lower end of the band, a novel Dual-Band PIFA structure is presented and optimised to cover the band group 1 bands (3.1 – 4.8GHz). Design work is carried out using CST Microwave Studio simulation software, and all parameter sweeps of critical dimensions are presented, as well as an in-depth examination of E-fields, Surface Currents and Radiation Patterns for both antennas. Finally measurement prototypes are built up and measured to validate the simulation data. Correlation between measured and simulated results is observed and the performance of the antennas with respect to typical UWB antenna specifications is discussed.
Kearney, David: Small Antenna Options for Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Applications: Masters thesis. Dublin, Dublin Institute of Technology, 2009.