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Analytical chemistry, Mycology, 2. ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
Physical stress (i.e. bruising) during harvesting, handling and transportation triggers enzymatic discoloration of mushrooms, a common and detrimental phenomenon largely mediated by polyphenol oxidase (PPO) enzymes. Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) is a non-destructive technique that combines imaging and spectroscopy to obtain information from a sample. The objective of this study was to assess the ability of HSI to predict the activity of PPO on mushroom caps. Hyperspectral images of mushrooms subjected to various damage treatments were taken, followed by enzyme extraction and PPO activity measurement. Principal component regression (PCR) models (each with 3 PCs) built on raw reflectance and multiple scatter corrected (MSC) reflectance data were found to be the best modeling approach. Prediction maps showed that the MSC model allowed for compensation of spectral differences due to sample curvature and surface irregularities. Results reveal the possibility of developing a sensor which could rapidly identify mushrooms with higher likelihood to develop enzymatic browning and hence aid produce management decision makers in the industry.
Gaston E, Frias JM, Cullen PJ, O'Donnell CP, Gowen AA. (2010): Prediction of Polyphenol Oxidase Activity Using Visible Near-Infrared Hyperspectral Imaging on Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) Caps. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 58(10) 6226-6233.