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The commercial protoporphyrin IX, iron-ferriprotoporphyrin IX-chloride and synthesized iron porphyrin μ-oxo-dimers were examined by UV/vis absorption and fluorescence, Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy, resonance Raman, X-ray absorption, Mössbauer spectroscopy and SQUID. The evidence of Fe-O-Fe antiferromagnetic coupling concluded from SQUID and Mössbauer in the case of samples containing dimerized forms confirmed the presence of the oxo-bridges. In this paper the results of UV/vis, fluorescence, Fourier transform infrared FTIR and Raman spectroscopies are reported and discussed. The study is based on the comparison of the free-base protoporphyrin IX, Fe-PPIX-Cl and the synthesized dimerized specimen. The vibrational modes in two energy regions i.e. 330-650 cm-1 and 750-900 cm-1, reportedly characteristic of the existence of Fe-O-Fe bridges, are discussed. A significant photoluminescence emission, strongly Stokes shifted from the Soret band, absent in the protoporphyrin IX and the iron-ferriprotoporphyrin IX-chloride, is observed. The strong Stokes shift and the mismatch of the excitation spectrum to the Soret band suggest that is does not have origin in the de-excitation of the porphyrin moiety and that it could have origin in an Fe-O-Fe charge transfer state. PACS numbers: 36.20.$-$r, 36.20.Kd, 36.20.Ng
Dziedzic-Kocurek, K., Byrne, H., Swiderski, A., Stanek, J.: Spectroscopic study of the dimerisation process of iron protoporphyrin IX. Acta Physica Polinica A, Vol.115, pp.525-555. 2009.