Studies in communication have shown that, in the fllm industry. women as directors obtain less financial support than men. They find themselves in a peculiar situation: the discrimination they suffer obliges them to innovate. and hence they often find themselves at the 'avant garde' of cinematographic production. This is specifically true in the area of documentary film-making. To use Carle's words, In film 'the revolution passes through women'.
"On Gendered Knowledge in Communication: Women in the Film Industry,"
Irish Communication Review:
1, Article 4.
Available at: http://arrow.dit.ie/icr/vol5/iss1/4