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Building Information Modelling (BIM) is currently being developed as a virtual learning tool for construction and surveying students in the Dublin Institute of Technology. This advanced technology is also used to develop a technology based assessment practice for enhancing the learning environment of construction and surveying students. A theoretical design framework is presented in this paper, which combines advanced technology and assessment theory to create a virtual learning environment. This is based on the move from teacher-centered to student-centered learning, which attaches a higher degree of importance on what students know, understand, and can do as a result of their educational experiences. The design framework consists of three levels: the first incorporates student access for initial assessment, secondly student motivation is enhances using self-assessment techniques and finally formative assessment through information sharing is introduced using student-teacher WEB-based interaction inside the virtual learning environment.