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An extensive literature exists on the compensation of time delayed processes. These compensation methods may be broadly divided into parameter optimised controllers, in which the controller parameters are adapted to the controller structure (the most common such controller is the proportional integral derivative, or PID, controller), and structurally optimised controllers, in which the controller structure and parameters are adapted optimally to the structure and parameters of the process model. Important structurally optimised compensator strategies are the Smith predictor and its variations. The purpose of this paper is to extract the essence of the developments in design, tuning and implementation of these controllers. In addition, an original variation on the Smith predictor structure is detailed.
O'Dwyer, Aidan : A reference guide to Smith predictor based methods for the compensation of dead-time processes. Proceedings of the IEE Irish Signals and Systems Conference, pp. 231-238, Dublin City University, September, 2005.