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A simple low-cost solar antenna design for UMTS base station is proposed. The optimum orientation of the silver DC bus bars of the solar cell is found to be Ag-parallel, in order to achieve best antenna performance. Good antenna performance similar to that of ordinary shorted patch antennas is obtained.
Shynu, S., Ons, M., Ammann, M., McCormack, S., Norton, B.: A metal plate solar antenna for umts pico-cell base station. LAPC 2008: Antennas and Propagation Conference, pp.373-376. Loughborough, 17-18 March, 2008.