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5.3 EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES, public administration, 5.9 OTHER SOCIAL SCIENCES
Higher educational institutions are being asked to contribute more effectively and efficiently to economic growth, innovation and intellectual capital. As they do so, the academy has also come under pressure. The content of academic work, the role of faculty, and the balance between teaching, research and service, have, arguably, been restructured, reconfigured and redefined. For academics within traditional universities, pressures for accountability and social relevance have challenged what many valued as ‘their autonomy’. But, for staff within new and emerging HEIs, those formed or reconstituted circa. 1970, there have been different pressures. Many were hired originally as teachers and now face increasing pressures to spend more time conducting research. Growing research is not without costs. Based on an international study, this chapter seeks to understand how new HEIs are responding to the challenges and the extent to which human resources issues impact on institutional and research strategy.
Hazelkorn, E.: Growth Strategies and Intellectual Capital Formation in New and Emerging HEIs. Stefan Kwiatkowski and Jan Sadlak, eds., Knowledge café for Intellectual Entrepreneurship through Higher Education. UNESCO European Centre for Higher Education (UNESCO-CEPES)/Leon Kozminski Academy of Entrepreneurship and Management, Warsaw. 2003.