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Communication engineering and systems
The bursty nature of video streaming applications is due to the frame-based structure of video and this has an important impact on the resource requirements of the WLAN, affecting its ability to provide Quality of Service (QoS) particularly under heavily loaded conditions. In this paper we analyse this bursty behaviour in depth. We show how each video frame is queued at the AP causing the packet delay to vary in a sawtooth manner that is related to the frame rate, the number of packets per video frame, and the packet size. We infer the maximum background traffic load that can be supported so that it does not negatively impact on the video streaming application. We demonstrate that there is a critical threshold load value above which the AP can no longer reliably support the video stream and compare it to the threshold load values calculated through analysis. Using this knowledge, the AP can employ resource allocation mechanisms to regulate the incoming traffic to the AP transmission queue so that QoS can be provided for streaming applications.
Cranley, N., Davis, M.:The Effects of Background Traffic on the End-to-End Delay for Video Streaming Applications over IEEE 802.11b WLAN . The 17th Annual IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC'06), Helsinki, Finland. 11-14 September, 2006.