Document Type

Article

Rights

This item is available under a Creative Commons License for non-commercial use only

Publication Details

ReCALL, September 2009, Volume 21, part 3, Cambridge University Press, p.302-318

PLEASE NOTE: BECAUSE OF CERTAIN SYMBOLS USED IN THE TEXT, IT IS NOT POSSIBLE TO DISPLAY IT HERE AND WE CAN ONLY PROVIDE AN ABSTRACT. HOWEVER, THE AUTHOR IS HAPPY TO PROVIDE COPIES OF THE ARTICLE ON REQUEST.

Abstract

This article investigates whether authentic NS to NS speech can be made available to the learner listener through the use of a novel slow-down tool. Results from various preliminary tests which have been carried out seem to indicate that the use of a slowdown algorithm in many cases, and in particular in samples with a higher speed rate and word count, leads to an improvement in subjects’ ability to perceive and understand what was being uttered in the samples. Tests revealed that even NS listeners (as opposed to NN listeners) prefer to hear authentic NS speech which is either unscripted or is influenced by regional accent, at a slowed down speed. It also seems that ‘unexpected’ words (such as words with high contextual value, but which cannot be processed in a top-down fashion because of the size of the sound snippet) are initially not understood at the original speed of delivery, even in a scripted and carefully pronounced pedagogic sample. Samples containing chunks or formulaic sequences, however, appear to be easily understood at 100% by the majority of NS listeners due to the holistic processing of these language units.

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